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European Parliament recommends complete nuclear disarmament by 2020
Friday 24 April 2009

Strasbourg, April 24, 2009 - Today the European Parliament approved with a majority of 177 votes against 130 an amendment introducing the "Model Nuclear Weapons Convention" and the "Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol"
as concrete tools to achieve a nuclear weapons free world by 2020. The amendment was introduced by Ana Gomes for the PES and Angelika Beer for the Greens/EFA. The amendment received cross-party support (1) during the Plenary vote here in Strasbourg today. Especially Frieda Brepoels for the EPP-DE and Annemie Neyts and Juul Maaten for the ALDE called to support the vision of a nuclear weapon free world by 2020. The approval of the amendment (2) demonstrates that the EP is increasing pressure to make nuclear disarmament by 2020 a top-priority for the EU member states. Here the EP demonstrates leadership and an intention to become a visible actor following President Obama’s statements for a NWFW in Prague.

The amendment is part of the overall "Report Beer" (3), a recommendation to the EU Council on non-proliferation and the future of the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (doc. A6-0234/09). The overall report was approved by 271 +, 38 - and 29 abstenstions. On May 4th 2009 all state parties of the NPT will be meeting at the UN headquarters in New York for the 3rd NPT PrepCom in New York.

The amendment introducing the "model Nuclear Weapons Convention" and the "Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol" is actively promoted by Mayors for Peace, a global network of 2,817 cities from 134 countries and regions, presided by Dr. Tadatoshi Akiba, the Mayor of Hiroshima.

The amendment was supported by the Parliamentarians for Non-proliferation and Nuclear Disarmament (PNND), and Abolition 2000 Europe, a global network counting over 2000 NGO’s.

Pol DHuyvetter, an Executive Advisor for the Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation, declared from the EP in Strasbourg: "The support of the European Parliament for the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol is very significant, even historic. It demonstrates that the EP is adding a concrete time-line to the recent proposals by President Obama. Members of the EP are gearing up to make a nuclear weapon free world possible in the life-time of President Obama. Furthermore the adoption of the amendment gives a clear signal to Mr. Solana and all EU member states to make nuclear disarmament a top-priority so we can free the world of all remaining 25,000 nuclear warheads before 2020. Cities can no longer be kept hostage of nuclear policies".

The EU counts two out of the five official nuclear weapons states, with France and the UK holding on to, and modernizing, their national nuclear arsenals. Most EU member states are also part of NATO’s Nuclear Planning Group, a group holding on to the nuclear deterrent as an essential part of transatlantic security policies. Here there are also clear indications of US nuclear weapon deployments in Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Turkey. For the previous decades NATO holds on to a "nor confirm nor deny" secretive policy concerning US deployments in Europe.

The Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol is complementary to the NPT and receives growing support from cities, governments and civil society around the world. As of April 23rd, 2009, there are 642 signatories <http://www.2020visioncampaign.org/p...> to the "Cities Appeal in support of the H-N Protocol" from 45 countries. They range from the Mayors of London, Luxembourg, Rome and Stockholm in Europe, Sapporo
(Japan) in the East to San Francisco (USA) in the West, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo (Brazil) and Cape Town (South Africa) in the South and to the North Toronto (Canada). Also note that on June 23, 2008, the US Conference of Mayors, at its 76th annual meeting in Miami, Florida, unanimously adopted a far-reaching resolution supporting the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol, entitled “Support for the Elimination of All Nuclear Weapons by the Year 2020.

More information: www.2020visioncampaign.org

(1) Vote: the Greens/EFA called for a RCV (Roll Call Vote) on Amendment F. Very soon we should be able to access to detailed results of the votes for every individual member of the EP. At this time not yet available . Soon on http://www.europarl.europa.eu/activities/plenary.do?language=EN#

(2) Approved amendment F:

F. encouraged by new disarmament proposals such as those called for by Henry Kissinger, George P. Shultz, William J. Perry and Sam Nunn in January 2007 and January 2008/*, the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention and the Hiroshima-Nagasaki protocol, promoted globally by civic organisations and political leaders, */and campaigns such as "Global Zero", which argue that one crucial way of ensuring the prevention of nuclear proliferation and the achievement of global security is to move towards the elimination of nuclear weapons,

(3) Soon the final approved version of the Report Beer click here <http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides...>


DRAFT REPORT

with a proposal for a European Parliament recommendation to the Council (2008/2324 INI)

By the European Parliament Committee on Foreign Affairs

Rapporteur: Angelika Beer

This proposal should be submitted with possible amendments to the vote of the European Parliament on 31st March 2009.

The European Parliament,

- having regard to the proposal for a recommendation to the Council by Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck, on behalf of the ALDE Group, and Angelika Beer, on behalf on the Verts/ALE
Group, on non-proliferation and the future of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) (B6-0421/2008),

- having regard to the forthcoming 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,

- having regard to its previous resolutions of 26 February 20041, 10 March 20052, 17 November 20053 and 14 March 20074 on nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament,

- having regard its resolution of 5 June 2008 on implementation of the European Security Strategy and ESDP 5 and particularly paragraph 26 thereof, which expresses Parliament’s opinion that "the 40th anniversary of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) on 1 July 2008 must be seen as an opportunity for the EU to promote the need for nuclear disarmament in its Strategy Against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, with a view to the Preparatory Committees for the forthcoming NPT review conference" and reiterates its view that "this includes the need for the ’recognised’ nuclear weapons powers to put forward disarmament initiatives, to make Europe a nuclear-weapon-free zone, and to conclude a global convention banning nuclear weapons",

- having regard to the European Union strategy against the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction adopted by the European Council on 12 December 2003,

- having regard to Article 7 of the NPT, which states: "Nothing in this Treaty affects the right of any group of States to conclude regional treaties in order to assure the total absence of nuclear weapons in their respective territories",

- having regard to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I), which will expire in 2009, and the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT),

- having regard to the report on the implementation of the European Security Strategy agreed by the European Council on 11 December 2008,

- having regard to Rule 114(1) and Article 90 of its Rules of Procedure,

A. strongly concerned about the lack of progress in achieving concrete objectives (such as the socalled "13 steps"1) in pursuit of the goals of the NPT Treaty, as agreed at the previous Review Conferences, especially now that threats are arising from a variety of sources, including increasing proliferation going hand in hand with the greater demand for, and availability of, nuclear technology, the potential for such technology and radioactive material to fall into the hands of criminal organisations and terrorists, and the reluctance of nuclear weapons States that are signatories to the NPT to reduce or eliminate their nuclear arsenals and decrease their adherence to a military doctrine of nuclear deterrence,

B. encouraged by new disarmament proposals such as those called for by Henry Kissinger, George P. Shultz, William J. Perry and Sam Nunn in January 2007 and January 2008 and campaigns such as "Global Zero", which argue that weapons of mass destruction have no place in a civilised world and that one crucial way of ensuring the prevention of nuclear proliferation and the achievement of global security is to move resolutely towards the complete prohibition and elimination of nuclear weapons,

C. encouraged by the support that these proposals have received from political and diplomatic circles worldwide and by the specific response made to it by Helmut Schmidt, Richard von Weizsäcker, Egon Bahr and Hans-Dietrich Genscher2 as well as by political figures in other
EU Member States, especially in the United Kingdom3,

D. in particular, strongly encouraged by a number of statements on US nuclear policy made by the then President-elect Barack Obama, in which he underlined that the United States will seek a world in which there are no nuclear weapons,4 and will work with Russia to take US and Russian ballistic missiles off hair-trigger alert, and dramatically reduce the stockpiles of US nuclear weapons and material5,

E. welcoming the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention submitted as a working paper by Costa Rica and Malaysia to the First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT6 and to the United Nations General Assembly7,

F. welcoming the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol initiative, presented by Mayors for Peace to the Preparatory Committee of the Eighth NPT Review Conference in May 2008 in Geneva, which has already gained the endorsement of over 500 city representatives as a logical follow-up to their five-year-long plea for a world free of nuclear weapons as from 2020: the so-called "2020 Vision",

G. emphasising that the aim of both the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention and the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol is to address nuclear disarmament in all its aspects, with a view to facilitating the fulfilment by the States Parties of their obligations under Article VI of the NPT,

H. recognising that moving towards the prohibition and elimination of nuclear weapons will require bold political leadership and a number of progressive, consecutive steps, which would be facilitated within a framework agreement such as that proposed by the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention, incorporating, reinforcing, linking and building on the agreements, treaties and agencies that make up the existing proliferation and disarmament regime,
including inter alia the NPT, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and the International Atomic Energy Agency,

I. considering the speech made by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in New York on 24 October 2008, on the occasion of United Nations Day, in which he presented his five-point plan for nuclear disarmament, which included a call for the implementation of the NPT through negotiations on a package of agreements or a nuclear weapons convention, and which highlighted the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention, previously circulated by him, as a useful starting-point,

J. noting the letter dated 5 December 2008 from the French EU Presidency to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on disarmament issues,

K. welcoming the speech made on 9 December 2008 by Javier Solana, EU High Representative for the CFSP, at a conference on "Peace and Disarmament: A World without Nuclear Weapons", in which he welcomed the fact that the question of nuclear disarmament has again moved to the top of the international agenda,

L. welcoming the signature by over 100 Members of the European Parliament of the "Endorsement of the Nuclear Weapons Convention", a petition iniated by Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PNND) and taken up by the European Parliament Section of the PNND in July 2008 when commemorating the 40th anniversary of the NPT,

1. Addresses the following recommendations to the Council:

(a) review and update Council Common Position 2005/329/PESC of 25 April 2005 relating to the 2005 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons1, in preparation for a successful outcome at the 2010 NPT Review Conference;

(b) endorse the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention and the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol in its Common Position for the 2010 NTP Review Conference, so that the governments of
all Member States can promote their adoption in the course of negotiations;

(c) incorporate the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol and the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention in a revised European Strategy on Weapons of Mass Destruction;

(d) deepen its dialogue with the new US administration and all nuclear-weapons powers, with a view to pursuing a common agenda aimed at the creation of a nuclear-weapons free world; in particular, support US and Russian steps to substantially reduce their nuclear weapons as agreed in START I and in SORT; press for ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty;

(e) develop strategies at the 2010 NPT Review Conference 2010 aimed at achieving agreement on a treaty to halt the production of fissile material for weapons purposes in a way that it is not discriminatory, which means that the treaty thus negotiated should require not only non-nuclear-weapons States or States currently outside the NPT but also the five UN Security Council members, all of which possess nuclear weapons, to forswear making fissile material for weapons and to dismantle all their established fissile material production facilities for such weapons;

(f) establish a constructive dialogue with all countries possessing nuclear weapons on European territory – as well as with NATO – with a view to making the European continent a nuclear-weapons-free zone, in accordance with Article VII of the NPT, well before the year 2020;

2. Pledges to submit the Model Nuclear Weapons Convention to the national parliaments of the Member States with a view to promoting negotiations, raising public awareness, identifying steps towards nuclear disarmament and indicating national measures that could be taken to support and implement that Convention;

3. Instructs its President to forward this recommendation to the Council and, for information, to the Commission, the UN Secretary-General, the President of the 2010 NPT Review Conference, the national parliaments of the EU Member States, Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament and Mayors for Peace.


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