|vous etes ici Homepage > News > News Articles > Letter by organisations worlwide on operating status of nuclear weapons systems|
Letter by organisations worlwide on operating status of nuclear weapons systems|
Published 1 April 2009
President Barack Husein Obama,
RE: OPERATIONAL READINESS OF NUCLEAR WEAPON SYSTEMS
Dear Presidents Obama and Medvedev, Vice-President Joseph Biden, Prime Minister Putin, Secretary of State Clinton, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, and Congressional and Duma Committees on Foreign Affairs and Defense/Armed Services:
The authors of this letter write also as the joint coordinators of an appeal to lower nuclear weapons operating status/operational readiness that was signed by 44 Nobel Prize - winners and which helped lead to resolutions in the United Nations General Assembly in October 2007 and 2008. (see appendix for UN Resolutions)
This letter is signed by NGOs and distinguished individuals from around the world who believe that nuclear disarmament is a matter of urgency, and that taking nuclear weapons off quick-launch capability is a vital first step toward nuclear disarmament.
We suggest that the current negotiations between the US and Russia over a successor to START be also used as forum in which the US and Russia negotiate an agreement to cease maintaining their large nuclear forces in quick-launch status.
We are very much encouraged by the repeated committments made by President Obama to negotiate with Russia to lower the operational status of nuclear weapons systems, as well as by the statements to that effect to which Dr. Henry Kissinger has lent his name, as well as by his involvement in a successor to START.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, in a September, 2008 article entitled ’Avoiding Human Extinction’, placed the lowering of the operational status of nuclear weapon systems, reductions in warhead numbers, and the complete abolition of nuclear weapons at the top of a list of measures needed to protect humankind, ahead even of climate change mitigation measures and monitoring of large incoming asteroids.
U.S. scientists now predict, with a high level of certainty, that:
(1) the detonation in urban areas of as little as a half of one percent of the explosive power contained in U.S. and Russian nuclear arsenals could cause major disruptions in global climate leading to the starvation of hundreds of millions of the already hungry, and;
(2) A war fought with even a few thousand strategic nuclear weapons, such as the U.S.-Russian weapons now maintained at high-alert status, would cause such cataclysmic changes in global climate and environment that growing seasons would be completely eliminated for years, thus dooming most of humanity to perish from famine.
It is unrealistic to assume that nuclear deterrence will work perfectly forever. With the passage of time, the use of nuclear weaponry, due to madness, malice, miscalculation, or malfunction becomes an inevitability. Thus it is imperative that as a first step towards reducing and eliminating the immense danger these weapons pose to all nations and peoples, that the U.S. and Russia agree to remove their nuclear weapons from high-alert status.
We urge the US and Russian governments, Presidents Obama and Medvedev, Secretary of State Clinton and Foreign Minister Ivanov, to use the opportunity of the renegotiation/replacement of START to negotiate to immediately lower the operational readiness of U.S. and Russian nuclear weapon systems. This single act will do more than any other immediately available measure to make humanity and civilisation secure in accordance with our shared objective of progress towards the abolition of nuclear weapons.
Mayor Tadatoshi Akiba, Mayors for Peace, Hiroshima, Japan (Representing cities worldwide in over 100 countries)
Steve Leeper, Chair, Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation, Hiroshima, Japan,
Steven Starr, Senior Scientist, Physicians for Social Responsibility, USA,
Alexey Yablokov, Chairman, Programme for Nuclear and Radioactive Safety, International Socio-Ecological Union, Moscow, Russia
Kate Hudson, Chair, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND), London, UK,
Teemu Matinpuro, Exec. director Finnish Peace Committee, Helsinki, Finland,
Ole Kopreitan, General Secretary ’No to Nuclear Weapons ’- Norway
Xanthe Hall, Disarmament expert, IPPNW Germany,
Ak Malten, director, Pro Peaceful Energy Use, Netherlands,
Tobias Huber, The Gandhi Tour, Switzerland,
Dominique Lalanne, Chair Abolition of Nuclear Weapons/Stop Essais, France,
Lisa Clark, Vice- President, Beati i costruttori di pace, (Italian Network for Disarmament), Italy;
Derman Boztok, IPPNW Turkey, Ankara, Turkey,
Gordon Edwards, Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility (CCNR) Montreal,
Paul Saoke, Executive Director, Physicians for Social Responsibility, Nairobi, Kenya.
J. Sri Raman, Movement Against Nuclear Weapons (MANW). Chennai, India
Farooq Tariq, Spokesperson, Labour Party Pakistan, Lahore Pakistan,
Dr.Ranjith S.Jayasekera, Vice Pres. Sri-Lankan Doctors for Peace and Development, Kandy, Sri-Lanka.
Anna Allan, Web Tinker, www.nuclearfreenz.co.nz
Sue Wareham, Chair, MAPW, Australia,
Richard Broinowski, Former Australian Ambassador to Vietnam, Republic of Korea, Mexico, the Central American Republics and Cuba, Paddington, NSW,
Frederick Mendelsohn AO MD PhD FRACP FAA Past Director Howard Florey Insitute and RD Wright Professor of Experimental Physiology and Medicine University of Melbourne
Luisa Morgantini MEP(Italy), Vice President, European Parliament, Brussells,
(Letter Coordinator) John Hallam, People for Nuclear Disarmament Nuclear Flashpoints, Australia (Joint Coordinator with Doug Mattern, 2004/5 Appeal on Operating Status by 44 Nobels)
APPENDIX - INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY URGES LOWERING OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS OPERATIONAL READINESS
Lowering the operational readiness of nuclear weapon system systems has been urged by the original (1996) Canberra Commission, and by the 2006 Blix Commission. It has been a key component of all pathways to a nuclear - weapons - free future.
It is also incorporated in a number of resolutions that pass the United Nations General Assembly each year. It is part of the Australia-Japan Renewed Determination resolution, which gathers the widest support of any UN resolution on nuclear disarmament, and is the sole subject of Reducing Nuclear Danger and of the resolution sponsored by Chile, Malaysia, Nigeria, New Zealand, Sweden and Switzerland which passed 141-3 last December in the General Assembly. (Text appended) That resolution is in part an outcome of the appeal by the 44 nobels coordinated by two of the authors and signatories of this letter. These UN General Assembly resolutions both reflect the will of governments and people around the world that nuclear weapons be abolished and that the possibility of an accidental nuclear exchange be diminished by lowering the state of operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems.
Text of United Nations General Assembly Resolution on Nuclear Weapons Operational Readiness adopted 141-3
General and complete disarmament
Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Sweden and Switzerland: draft resolution
Decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems
The General Assembly,
Recalling its resolution 62/36 of 5 December 2007,
Recalling that the maintenance of nuclear weapons on high alert was a feature of cold war nuclear postures, and welcoming the increased confidence and transparency since the cessation of the cold war,
Concerned that, notwithstanding the end of the cold war, several thousand nuclear weapons remain on high alert, ready to be launched within minutes,
Noting the increased engagement in multilateral disarmament forums in support of further reductions to the operational status of nuclear weapons systems,
Recognizing that the maintenance of nuclear weapons systems at a high level of readiness increases the risk of the use of such weapons, including the unintentional or accidental use, which would have catastrophic consequences,
Also recognizing that reductions in deployments and the lowering of operational status contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as to the process of nuclear disarmament, through the enhancement of confidence-building and transparency measures and a diminishing role for nuclear weapons in security policies,
Welcoming bilateral initiatives, such as the proposed United States/Russian Federation Joint Centre for the Exchange of Data from Early Warning Systems and Notification of Missile Launches, which can play a central role in operational status reduction processes,
Also welcoming the steps taken by some States to reduce the operational status of their nuclear weapons systems, including de-targeting initiatives and increasing the amount of preparation time required for deployment,
1. Calls for further practical steps to be taken to decrease the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems, with a view to ensuring that all nuclear weapons are removed from high alert status;
2. Urges States to update the General Assembly on progress made in the implementation of the present resolution;
3. Decides to remain seized of the matter.
Also in this section
Site powered by SPIP
design et fonction Easter-Eggs